- Post der befreiten Zwangsarbeiter (Displaced
Persons Mail Paid in Deutschland) 1945-1949 written
in German by Wolfgang Strobel. 160 pages. Out of print; author W. Strobel,
Nietzschestrasse 23, 53177 Bonn, Germany. Postpaid for $24 U.S. cash. Book
review by Walter Farber in German Postal Specialist, June 2001
There were millions of
Displaced Persons in Germany at the end of World War II, most of whom had been
brought in for forced labor during the war effort. Surviving Jews were also
subsumed under this designation. The repatriation or emigration of these people
was one of the most daunting tasks faced by the Allies after the liberation
of the camps. This was exacerbated by the fact that many of the DPs from Eastern
Europe (mainly Russia, Ukraine, Poland and the Baltic republics) did not wish
to go back to their countries of origin, fearing rataliation by the new Communist
regimes there. The process thus continued well into the 1950s, when finally
all remaining DPs were granted the status of "expatriate residents" in Germany.
This book is the first comprehensive study of the free mailing privilege granted to Displaced Persons in the British Zone of Germany in 1945-49. Mail service for Displaced Persons mail was allowed by the British and Americans long before similar services became available again for the German populace. As an added complication, the British Military Government assigned coded addresses to the camps located in their zone, and until now it had been virtually impossible to decode this system.
Strobel has finally been able to do so through intensive study of formerly inaccessible
documents in German and British archives. The book has charts listing all
known camps and centers in the British Zone of Occupation by code number,
alphabetically by location, and by the numbers of the United Nations Relief
and Rehabilitation Administration, the International Refugee Organization
und private relief teams responsible for them.
In addition, a list of British Field Post Office numbers in Germany, as well
as of unit numbers of the Britsh Army of the Rhine help to make the history
of Displaced Persons and their mails far clearer and easier to understand
than they ever were before.
- Piec lat kacetu Mr. Stanislaw Grzesiuk has written his memories from German camps in this
I don't know if it has been published in America (I think it has been). It is a memories from a German concentration camp, a place where people (about 100,000 - it wasn't a death camp) got killed by German Nazis. Kind regards, Piotr Stepien /Poland (My grandfather has been a soldier in Warsaw's rising.) Please visit: www.1944.pl
- The Aftermath, Living with the Holocaust, by
Aaron Hass, Cambridge University Press, 1995, ISBN 0-521-57459-5, 213 pages including
an index. $18.10. (Limited to Jewish struggles.)
- In the Shadow of the Holocaust, the Second Generation by
Aaron Hass, Cambridge University Press, 1990, ISBN 0-521-49893-7, 162 pages.
(Limited to Jewish struggles.)
- Night by Elie
Wiesel, Bantam Books, New York, 1960, ISBN 0-553-7253-5, 109 pages. (Limited
to Jewish struggles.)
- Survival in
Primo Levi, Simon and Schuster, New York,
1996, ISBN 0-684-82680, 187 pages. (Limited to Jewish struggles.)
- A History of
the Holocaust, Revised Edition by
Yehuda Bauer, Scholastic Inc., 1982, ISBN 0-531-15576-5, 213 pages.
(Limited to Jewish struggles.)
- The Displaced by
T. G. Lackner, about DP camp HAID / ANSFELDEN in Austria - Out
- Insula book: World War II ended in
Europe 60 years ago this week. The millions of refugees who were in Germany
included many Latvians. Here are their stories of escape from their homeland,
their survival, and life in the Displaced Persons Camp called Insula in Berchestgaden,
Germany. This long-awaited book, INSULA has finally arrived. More than 30 people
have contributed their stories, written in English, with many also translated
into Latvian. The book includes hundreds of photos.
For a description of the book and ordering information go to: Kirkhouse or http://www.latviansonline.com
John Plume firstname.lastname@example.org and Ventis
Plume email@example.com Tel: 952.927.4830
- My Story by Gemma LaGaurdia Gluck, is due to
be republished soon. ASIN: B0007DUREE
This book varies from most Holocaust books in that it
is about the frustrations and trials of the UNRRA workers, instead of the
greater camp population. Submitted by Laurel Parker.
- WWII Through Polish Eyes by MB Szonert - That was excellent, says
Janie Micchelli, 2002, East European Monographs, Columbia University Press, 399
- Story of a Secret State by Jan Karski - you can get a copy of this
from abebooks.com for under $5, ISBN: 1931541396
- City of Greven: I
just wanted to let you know about the publication of my Ph.D. thesis (in
German language only). For more information just use the following urls: http://www.lwl.org http://www.lwl.org City of Greven, Fachdienst Allgemeiner Service, Stadtarchiv (City Archive)
Dr. Stefan Schröder
- DP: Lithuanian Immigration to Canada After the Second World War, by
Danys, M. (1986), Toronto: Multicultural Historical Society of Ontario.
- A Life of Hope, Memoirs of Nadia the Survivor,
by Anton, Peter, Art Bookbindery, Canada ISBN 0-9736966-0-5, 112 pp.
This book is about a Ukrainian family, a woman Nadia and how she survived working in forced labor in Germany. There are some very interesting photographs of a marmalade factory in Germany, the buildings and men working in the kitchen.
and Ashes, by John
Guzlowski, Paperback: 96 page, Publisher: Steel Toe Books (March 10,
2007), Language: English, ISBN - 13: 978-0974326450,
I've started a blog about my parents and
their experiences in the slave labor camps in Germany, and later their
experiencs in the US as DPs. I've posted about why I write about them, about how they came to America,
about what it was like in the DP camps after the war.
I thought you might like to see the blog. lightning-and-ashes.blogspot.com
Ashes of Innocence by Alexandra Tesluk, is a powerful, gripping
page-turner. Blending intense psychological trauma, interspersed elements
of beauty and love, Tesluk guides you on a journey, recollecting a childhood
filled with repetitive physical,
mental and emotional abuse and her search for her father lost in the rubble
of World War II. ISBN 9-780980-894202. Order from http://www.volumesdirect.com
the Place Ukrainian Displaced
Persons,Canada and the Migration of Memory, by Lubomyr Y Luciak.
personal diaries, in-depth interviews, and previously unmined government archives,
the author provides an interpretation of the Ukrainian experience in Canada
that is both illuminating and controversial, scholarly and intimate. Luciuk
reveals how a distinct Ukrainian Canadian identity emerged and has been manipulated,
negotiated, and recast from the beginnings of Ukrainian pioneer settlement
at the turn of the last century to the present. Written with journalistic skill
and a clear interpretive vision, Searching for Place represents a
meticulous, original, and provocative contribution to the study of modern Canada
and one of its most important communities. ISBN Paperback: 080208088X http://www.infoukes.com
- ) My Flag Grew Stars: World War II Refugees Journey
to America by Kitty Gogins
readers to relive her parents' fascinating story. Their world destroyed
in World War II, teenagers Olga and Tibor
flee Hungary, and struggle to survive as refugees. Their experiences on
the losing side provide a unique perspective of war, the actions of Americans,
and the daily fight of refugees to survive. Immigrating as indentured servants,
they unite, embarking on a journey
to become Americans. Through perseverance and creativity, they
learn how to thrive, Tibor as a world-renowned professor and Olga
counseling refugees, earning the title area immigrants patron saint. firstname.lastname@example.org http://kittygogins.books.officelive.com
- The Red
Prince by T. Snyder
This is a true story that
is written by a historical master writer; a story that not many know
about a fight for Ukraine and the way European countries came about. It is the story
of the Habsburgs, in particular Wilhelm who became Ukrainian by choice and
wore the Ukrainian embroidered shirt under his uniform. He was known as Vasyl
- An Italian
Renaissance: Choosing Life in Canada [Hardcover], by Robert Rubinstein,
$24.95 See Amazon.com.
The central focus of which
is the Grugliasco DP Camp where my parents were trapped for almost three years,
and where I was born in 1948. Robert Rubinstein email@example.com
Night Sky: A Journey from Dachau to Denver? It
has a lot of information about the DP camps in general, and has specific
chapters about Altenstad, Pfaffenhofen, and Mittenwald.
you are in the book because something you said inspired me to continue
the search for my father."
For a unique and absorbing journey into the heart of the DP camps,
click this link for an extraordinary story of the DP Camps and Poland, Ukraine,
and Germany during WW II. http://www.amazon.com
- Titos Kriegsgefangene.
Folterlager, Hungermˆssrsche und Schauprozesse. By
Tito's POWs Torture camps, hunger marches and show trials, published in June
2001 300 pages, numerous illustrations. Fig, Leopold Stocker Verlag | ISBN:
by: Alan Newark
- Waiting to be
Heard: The Polish Christian Experience Under Nazi and Stalinist Oppression
1939-1955 [Paperback] (Author)
Bogusia J. Wojciechowska http://www.amazon.com Publication
Date: September 4, 2009
Waiting to be Heard is the voice of the persecuted,
the brave, the hopeful, the betrayed and the determined. It is a testament to
the strength of the human spirit and to a generation that did not see itself
as 'victims,' but as 'survivors.' Studies of the War and post-War years have
traditionally focused on political and military history. In recent years there
has been a greater interest in the social consequences of the War. Nevertheless,
discussions relating to the displacement of the Polish-born usually focus on
the Holocaust interpreted as a Jewish-only phenomenon.
Yet, in the years 1939-45, Poland lost 6,029,000, or
22%, of its total population, including approximately 3 million
of its Christian residents. Many of those who survived the War, at its conclusion,
were scattered all over the world; by the end of 1945, 249, 000 members of
the Polish Armed Forces were under British command, with 41, 400 dependants
in the United Kingdom, Italy, East and South Africa, New Zealand, India,
Palestine, Mexico and Western Germany. Submitted by: Alan Newark
Greatest Invention of the Leitz Family: The Leica Freedom Train, by
Frank Dabba Smith
Leica saved Jews and how one member helped 800 Ukrainian women
Leitz and his family were immune to Nazi Germany's Nuremberg laws, which
restricted the movement of Jews and limited their professional activities.To
help his Jewish workers and colleagues, Leitz quietly established what has
become known among historians of the Holocaust as "the Leica Freedom
Train," a covert means of allowing Jews to leave Germany in
the guise of Leitz employees being assigned overseas. The refugees were paid
a stipend until they could find work. Out of this migration came designers,
repair technicians, salespeople, marketers and writers for the photographic press.
Leitz's daughter, Elsie Kuhn-Leitz, was imprisoned by the Gestapo after she
was caught at the border, helping Jewish women cross into Switzerland. She
eventually was freed but endured rough treatment in the course of questioning.
She also fell under suspicion when she attempted to improve the living conditions
of 700 to 800 Ukrainian slave laborers, all of them women, who had been assigned
to work in the plant during the 1940s.
According to the late Norman Lipton, a freelance writer and editor, the Leitz
family wanted no publicity for its heroic efforts. Only after the last member
of the Leitz family was dead did the Leica Freedom Train finally
come to light. Submitted
by: Alan Newark firstname.lastname@example.org
Battle: The Formation and History of the 14. Gallician SS Volunteer Division, by
Michael Melnyk. To order: http://www.amazon.com edition 2 is updated and in paperback.
established Ukrainian government has allowed the veterans to draw war pensions,
honour their dead and those vets still living in Ukraine can publically
defend themselves and their actions without fear of reprisal. This turn
of events has rekindled a latent interest in the Division and has caused
a shift in the nature of the research being undertaken which is no longer
focused solely on denial of accusations of war crimes. However the market
forces that these newly emerging democracies are subjected to have had
some unfortunate side effects, namely a huge black market in any material
related to this Division. Whilst the archives are now accessible, their
contents are often available to the highest bidder. Other 'entrepreneurs’ will happily steal original material to order and in this way documents,
soldbuchs and photographs hitherto unseen in the west have begun to make
their way onto the open market in the west. This material which has been
indiscriminately pilfered, is offered without provenance so that it’Äôs potential
to contribute to the wider history of this unit is often fatally compromised," from an interview
with Melnyk, http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=12279
Submitted by: Alan Newark email@example.com
Im Lager: Internierung und Bestrafung von Nationalsozialisten in der Britischen
Besatzungszone Deutschlands, by Heiner Wember: Dissertation, Klartext Verlag. Essen. 1.
Auflage, 1991; 2. Auflage 1992, 3. Auflage 2007'
This book is about the British internment camps. Submitted by: Alan Newark firstname.lastname@example.org
camp Detention and punishment of the Nazis in another British
occupation zone of Germaby
Author, Heiner Wember, 2007 (2nd edition) ISBN / EAN: 978-3-89861-883-0
Germany 1945: fear of
werewolf commandos and a Nazi Unbergrundbewegung decide the Allies, in
addition to the farenden Nazis and the overall mean level of the staff
of the NSDAP, SS, Gestapo, Hitler Youth and SA as well as administration
officials and 'suspicious persons'; interned. Only the British
arrest 90,000 men and women and keep them in North and West Germany for
up to three years in twelve camps - set - including the former concentration
camp Neuengamme and Esterwegen.
Heiner Wember evaluates the first historian of the English Internierungsakten. He describes not only the internment and the trials of 19,000 prisoners,
but also traces how the thinking of the Nazi elite and F?hlen changed
during the internment. Because despite very poor accommodation and food
there was in the British camps an active cultural life, a ?berraschend intensive missionary work of the churches and above all, a lot of time
to think. http://de.wikipedia.org
by: Alan Newark email@example.com
- Orwell and
the Refugees: The Untold Story of Animal Farm [Kindle Edition].
Andrea Chalupa (Author), Olexji Keis (Author), Publication Date: March
11, 2012 See: http://www.amazon.com Excerpt:
After having spent years working on the manuscript, George Orwell struggled
to find a publisher for Animal Farm. An anti-Soviet satire was not welcome
at a time when the West needed Stalin to fight Hitler, and leading intellectuals
still believed in the promise of the Russian Revolution. Orwell managed to
publish his "fairy tale" in 1945 at a small press for ¬£100. Six
months later, a copy ended up in the hands of Ihor Sevcenko, a Ukrainian
refugee who recognized its profound meaning.
Sevcenko wrote to Orwell in London, and, working with him by letter,
published Animal Farm in Ukrainian. In March 1947, Sevcenko printed around
5,000 copies to distribute among the Ukrainian refugees in the displaced
persons camps of postwar Germany and Austria. But only 2,000 books were
given out; U.S. soldiers confiscated the rest and handed them over to
Soviet authorities to be destroyed as propaganda.
Though my mother and father were been born in Ukrainian displaced persons
camps, after their parents had escaped the Soviet Union through the hell
of the Eastern Front, it had never occurred to me that out of the 2,000
copies that survived among the 200,000 or so Ukrainian refugees,
that my family would have one. As I discovered while researching
my family's history, my uncle had picked up a copy in the refugee
camp when he was a boy, and brought Orwell's masterpiece with him when
he immigrated to the United States. I decided to explore the history
behind this family heirloom and share it as a reminder of the humanitarian
importance of speaking truth to power.
Submitted by Slavko kpyk1939@comcast/net Actually the US confiscated
the books and burned them themselves. They were not donated to the Soviets.
So there you have it. Americans, Nazis and Russians all burn dangerous
books. Nice company. Mirko firstname.lastname@example.org
- Ukraine in Foreign
Comments by Volodymyr Sichynsky, available through Amazon.com
A History of Betrayal - Wojciech Szatkowski's book, Goralenvolk:
Historia Zdrady (Goralenvolk: A History of Betrayal), is published by Kanon.
Poland prides itself
on the fact that there was no pro-Nazi government that collaborated with
its German occupiers. However, a clique of highlanders actively collaborated
with the Germans, championing the bogus idea of the Goralenvolk (Highlander
folk), which claimed that the highlanders were descended from the Goths.
Hans Frank, Nazi governor of the 'Generalgouvernement' sector of occupied
Poland visits Zakopane. "The Germans prepared the idea of the Goralenvolk to break the Polish nation
into small parts," author Wojciech Szatkowski told our reporter Nick Hodge.
Nazis forged myth that highlanders were descended from German settlers.
Szatkowski, who participated in the 16th Krakow Book Fair over the weekend,
is the grandson of Henryk Szatkowski, one of Nazi Germany's key collaborators
in the Podhale region of southern Poland. http://www.thenews.pl
- Between Shades
of Gray, a riveting novel by Ruta Sepetys, daughter
of a Lithuanian refugee. www.betweenshadesofgray.com The nations of Lithuania,
Latvia and Estonia disappeared from maps from 1941-1990. As this story
is seldom told, Ruta wanted to give voice to the thousands of people who
lost their lives during Stalin's cleansing of the Baltic region.
In 1941, fifteen-year-old
Lina is preparing for art school. But, one night, the Soviet secret police
barge violently into her home, deporting her along with her mother and
younger brother to Siberia. Lina's father is sentenced to
death in a prison camp. Lina fights for her life, fearless, vowing that
if she survives, she will honor her family, and thousands like hers, by
documenting their experience in her art and writing.
- God, Give Us Wings by Felicia Prekeris Brown, It’s available on Amazon: http://www.amazon.com
- Eboli DP camp
I am a survivor of World War II from Lithuania, and recently published a book on our struggles to escape the Soviets in 1944, the flight through Germany, and the years in a DP camp in the British Zone. It is a memoir of my family's life: Father, Mother, older sister and me, called God, Give Us Wings for the prayer I uttered as a small child when it looked like the only way to escape annihilation on the ground would be to fly away. My book describes in detail, including documents I copied in Blomberg in 2011, the life in the camp from 1945 to 1948.
There is a new book with lots of information about the DP camp of Eboli, Italy 1945 -1947. Although it was publlshed in Australia, payment via paypal and transport was no problem. Really a recommondation. There also is a list with the names of all the people who died in the camp. http://www.stsava.org.au
Book: Christ Stopped at Eboli (Italian: Cristo si e fermato a Eboli) is a memoir by Carlo Levi, published in 1945, giving an account of his exile from 1935-1936 to Grassano and Aliano, remote towns in southern Italy, in the region of Lucania which is known today as Basilicata. In the book he gives Aliano the invented name 'Gagliano'.
"The title of the book comes from an expression by the people of 'Gagliano' who say of themselves, 'Christ stopped short of here, at Eboli' which means, in effect, that they feel they have been bypassed by Christianity, by morality, by history itself—that they have somehow been excluded from the full human experience." Levi explained that Eboli, a location in the region of Campania to the west near the seacoast, is where the road and railway to Basilicata branched away from the ...
- Poland books: Fred Hoffman has produced several very useful books. Two which I have in my personal library and use often are: Surnames: Origins & Meanings, 3rd Edition
First Names of the Polish Commonwealth: Origins & Meanings
It is my understanding the Polish Genealogical Society of America (PGSA) is the publisher of the above two books. Here's PGSA's bookstore where short descriptions of the surnames book and first names books are described: http://www.pgsa.org Lavrentiy Lkrupnak@erols.com
- Civil Internment Camps by Dylan on 10 Feb 2004, 23:48
Internierungslager britisch; from: book by...Heiner Wember: Umerziehung Im Lager: Internierung und Bestrafung von Nationalsozialisten in der Britischen Besatzungszone Deutschlands. Dissertation, Klartext Verlag. Essen. 1. Auflage, 1991; 2. Auflage 1992, 3. Auflage 2007'.
- Victims of Yalta. A great book for British involvement in POW / DP activities is Count Nikolai Tolstoy's work
Especially useful ref camps in Britain and the eastward deportations of Soviet POWs and DPs. Submitted
by: Alan Newark email@example.com
- The Last Secret This is another great book, about the forcible repatriation by British troops, including the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders(who recruit in, among other places, my home town of Paisley, next to Glasgow), from the Drau Valley in Austria in 1945 of over 20,000 Cossacks and Caucasians. Again, many were, on paper, POWs, but the Soviet Liaison Officer at SHAEF had, to prevent the admission of Soviet nationals in enemy uniform, agreed to receive all such POWs as DPs. Plus there were many women and children within those camps. All, regardless of age, gender, health were forcibly put on trains or lorries and sent to either immediate certain death or forced labour in the Soviet interior. This book contains useful memoirs by British troops. Submitted
by: Alan Newark firstname.lastname@example.org
- Download pdf file: Publications by Ukrainian Displaced Persons and Political Refugees, 1945-1954,
In the John
Luczkiw Collection,Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto; Microfilm Collection, An Electronic Bibliography; Edited by Wasyl Sydorenko; Compiled by Yury Boshyk and WBodzimierz Kiebalo; Petro Jacyk Central and East European Resource Centre University of
Toronto Libraries, Toronto 2004
- Nachkriegsflüchtlinge in Kärnten und der Steiermark (The Refugees After WW2 at Carinthia and Styria), by Dr. Gabriela Stieber, 1997. http://stadtbibliothek.graz.at
- The Book Thief by Australian author Markus Zusak, narrated by Death, set in 1939 Nazi Germany.
Markus Zusak, born 1975, is the author offive books, including the international bestseller, The Book Thief, which is translated into more than forty languages. First released in 2005, The Book Thief has spent a total of 400 weeks on the New York Times bestseller list, and still remains there eight years after it first came out. The Book Thief (the Movie) -The film is about a young girl living with her adoptive German family during the Nazi era. Taught to read by her kind-hearted foster father, the girl begins "borrowing" books and sharing them with the Jewish refugee being sheltered by her foster parents in their home.
- Famine in Ukraine 1932-1933: Genocide by Other means. Authors Taras Hunczak and Roman Serbyn. New York 2007 Shevchenko Scientific Society, USA. Complete research on the Russians papers authorizing the Ukrainian geocide in 1930s. Library CardControl 2007936443.
- The English Kobzar (in Kindle) by Anthony Schlega
Kobzars – Minstrels, who not only sang their melodies but also spread the news on theirwanderings from village to village. This is why the early Soviet Government exterminated them.
The English Kobzar tells stories of Soviet exiles, Stalin’s ‘Wanted: Dead or Alive.’
1. Xenophobia: the fear of the unknown. How it affected not only the father of the author but many other anti-Soviets like him.
2. The Thirty Shilling Child: the story of the author’s childhood where he was raised in a xenophobic environment.
3. Surviving Lienz: tells the tale of a Cossack tragedy. The story of mass lethal deportation by the British Army turning over thousands of Stalin’s most-wanted back into the hands of thetyrant.
4. After Lienz: tells personal stories of some of the survivors of the lethal deportation.
5. Tsipek: the author’s personal experiences and conversations with John Demjanjuk, a Soviet exile and hunted war criminal. He became a scapegoat for Nazi war crimes.
On Amazon.com on Kindle: http://www.amazon.com Anthony Schlega email@example.com
- Wearing the Letter P: Polish Women as Forced Laborers in Germany during World War II 1939-1945. I wrote the book in honor of my mother and the hundreds of thousands of Polish women who were forced to wear a big letter "P" on their clothing, identifying them as Poles and subjecting them to gross discrimination during their time as forced laborers. The book begins in Poland during the occupation and follows Polish women as they were subject to roundups, transports to Germany, and describes the conditions of their lives and work situations in agriculture and industry, health, illness, pregnancy and childbirth issues as well as the final days of the war and their stay in DP camps. It is going to be released in October by Hippocrene Books. I think there may be readers on your web site who may be interested in the topic as it answers all the questions I ever had about my mother's experience as a forced laborer. If you would like to post that information on your website, please do. If anyone would like to email me please note that my current email address:
Sophie Hodorowicz Knab firstname.lastname@example.org I am attaching an excerpt from the last chapter of Wearing the Letter P: Polish Women as Forced Laborers 1939-1945 about DP camp Ludwigsburg in the American Zone. The letter was written by a young Polish girl who, along with her twin sister had been taken for forced labor. I came across the letter as part of my research in Germany. I see on the web site that there are some people who are interested in more information about that camp and this may give them an idea of what the camp was like. I only ask that you give it's source: pages 242 and 243 of Wearing the Letter P: Polish Women as Forced Laborers 1939-1945 by Sophie Hodorowicz Knab
Ludwigsburg 29 VII 45
We are imagining your joy when you receive this letter. We are now, along with our entire Telefunken group in Ludwigsburg (to the north of Stuttgart). Our camp is very well organized. For the younger children there is a school and business courses for the older ones which we are taking part in. Among other things we are learning English and typing on a machine. Our teachers are Polish officers, former POW's. In the camp I am an important individual and painter. First, with Jola we decorated the community room. When the priest who was assigned to our camp organized a chapel in the stable, there lacked a holy picture for the altar so he suggested I paint one (photograph from DZOK) From that time on I have been recognized . They are looking for a teacher for me but it is difficult. I was introduced to a variety of American administrators and priests.
We live with 8 other girls in a nice bright room. With us also is Helenka. The food is good. Most frequently macaroni so I eat until full. We can buy as much fruit as we want. And chocolates we have had enough.
Our situation is very good only the worst is not knowing about you. If only we had news from you we would be quite happy.
I won't think bad thoughts. We must be happy that we lived through these difficult times of slavery; the hunger, the constant bombardments...the experience did not turn out to be bad. We learned more during this experience than we could have in five years of normal living. I am not going to regret this time, if only we could return to our dearest.
I constantly think of you and Aunt Wanda. You have caused me so much worry. You are both so weak and yet you worry about us! Please remember that we are no longer children. We are able to rely on ourselves so that we do well but we will never bring you shame!
We talk constantly about returning home. Maybe it won't be long before we leave as well.
We'd like to visit Aunt Lidia but the railways are not in order and it is pretty far, more than 130 kilometers. Electric rails only go as far as Stuttgart(15 km)
Yesterday we went to the circus.
If only we could communicate with Witek or Ina but everything is complicated by the lack of transport.
Since our belongings were burned we were forced to sew ourselves some jackets.
We are curious about Tadek. Is he at home or in the army?
I can't imagine how father is doing not hearing from us for so long. I'm sure he can't understand why we haven't returned.
Kisses to you, Aunt Wanda and everyone, Jela and Jola Gabriela and Jolanta Knapski returned to Poland in November 1945".
- Red Famine - Revisits Stalin's Brutal Campaign To Starve The Peasantry In Ukraine
Pulitzer Prize-winning author Anne Applebaum explains how Stalin killed millions in the '30s by orchestrating a famine to suppress the nationalist movement and strengthen Russian influence in Ukraine.
http://www.wnyc.org or if you want to read:
- Echoes of Tattered Tongues: Memory Unfolded My Parents' Experiences as Polish Slave Laborers in Nazi Germany and Displaced Persons after the War
John Guzlowski / Amazon Author's Page www.amazon.com
- Publications by Ukrainian 'Displaced Persons' and Political Refugees in 1945-1954 by Boshyk, Yuri; Kiebalo, Wlodzimierz. Over 4,400 sources - and that is just from 1945 thru 1954. Most of them are in Ukrainian language. Although there are quite a few in English, French, Spanish, German, Polish, Russian . . . https://archive.org
- Making Bombs for Hitler, by Marsha Skrypuch
"Just wanted to let you know about the books that I've written on this topic, published by Scholastic and available in many countries and languages. They've won lots of awards and are historically accurate.
My best-known is Making Bombs for Hitler, about a young Ostarbeiter. It is part of a trilogy: https://www.amazon.com The other books in the trilogy are: The War Below about an escaped Ostarbeiter [Worker from the East] who joins the UPA https://www.amazon.com And Stolen Girl, about a girl taken for the Lebensborn program: https://www.amazon.com All the best, Marsha Skrypuch"
- Images of America, Ukrainians of Western Pennsylvania, by Stephen P. Haluszaczak; www.arcadiapublishing.com ISBN 978-1-5316-4248-8
Originally known as Ruthenians, Ukrainians began to immigrate to western Pennsylvania (around Pittsburgh and neighboring towns taking jobs as coal miners, railroad workers, glass factory workers, etc. This historical picture diary has loads of vintage photographs of these early settlers, and through WWI and WWII displaced persons.
- Escapes, a True Story: by Darian Diachok This riveting little book, and take you inside World War Two in Ukraine, the war’s most devastated country. Relive the lives of a newly-wed couple – people like us looking for love and success in a brutal world – but a couple forced to find courage they didn’t dream they had; he – the bookish and idealistic type; she – the street-smart and practical one. Excerpts from two reviews You’ll have a hard time tearing yourself away from Escapes. Very few works on World War II have cast much light on the war's most ravaged country. Through exhaustive research and his own family's experience and recollection, the author has produced a riveting, real-life thriller that will entertain and educate.
"Escapes" reads smooth and fast. It recounts the story of a family caught literally in the outbreak of World War II, between the totalitarian forces of Nazi Germany and the USSR. While avoiding sentimentalism, the author empathizes with his chief characters, sensitive to the depths and dimensions of human psychology.
Get the print version https://www.amazon.com Kindle https://www.amazon.com If the story moved you, please add a review! Thank you. Darian Diachok
- Book about Malkowicz [Knushka pro Malkovuchi] ISBN 978 966 397 202 2, by Olena Padovska, Lviv 2013
Malkowicz [Polish], Malkowiczi Malkovyczi [Ukrainian], a town near Przemysl in Poland of Ukrainian ancestry. The book is in Ukrainian text with black and white photos. Index of surnames is in the rear. 925 pages.
- The Lemko Region 1939-1947 War, Occupation and Deportation, edited by Paul Best and Jaroslaw Moklak, ISBN 83-88737-90-2
- Carpathian Library - Click to enlarge and download to your desk for reading.
- The Hidden Nazi: The Untold Story of America’s Deal with the Devil
by Dean Reuter, Colm Lowery, Dean Reuther, Keith Chester
About General Hans Kammler who was the worst Nazi war criminal. Sidekick to SS Chief Heinrich Himmler and supervisor of Nazi rocket scientist Wernher von Braun, General Hans Kammler was responsible for the construction of Hitler's slave labor sites and concentration camps. He personally altered the design of Auschwitz to increase crowding, ensuring that epidemic diseases would complement the work. He was never indicted or tried. He was in custody in the USA and not committed suicide as reported. The purported site of his death was in Czech Republic.
- Prisoner of War and
internment camps, Bibliography of German and Allied POW and internment camps on Moosburg site, in German http://www.moosburg.org
- Slaves for the Germans: The camp system of the Nazis: Sklaven
für die Deutschen: Das Lagersystem der Nazis
- The Night Sky: A Journey from Dachau to Denver and Back - can also be found on www.Amazon.com by searching for "Maria Sutton
The Night Sky."
- Nations United?: The Post-War Refugee Crisis, the United Nations and the Origins of the Cold War, March 14, 2006, by Prof. Shneer.
This thesis describes the arguement in the United Nations between USA and Russia - whether the Ukrainians and others were to be forcefully repatriated to Russia or allowed to refugee status to US and elsewhere. Download .doc link to desk top.
German books on forced labor
at UC Berkeley Library. More German books on forced labor
Slavic books at Bayda
There is a big collection of DP camp books, periodicals and lecture presentations at Shevchenko Scientific Society
63 Fourth Ave.
New York, NY 10003 / USA
Tel: 212-254-5130 / Fax: 212-254-5239
Ukrainian Philately Ukrainian DP Camp, POW Camp, Government in Exile, and National Council Issues
(Second Edition) by Borys Fessak
* Handbook of Modern Ukrainian Philately by George D. Fedyk and Ingert J. Kuzych
* The Provisional Postage Stamps of Ukraine, 1992-1995 by Hryhoriy Lobko
* Ukraine: Classic Trident Overprints by R. Seichter
* Ukrainian Philatelist Index, 1951-1996 compiled by I. Kuzych
Church Book Archives in Germany
Papers by members of Systems in Transition http://www.sit.itgo.com
Gradskova, Ioulia: Woman in the critique of traditional morality on the eve of Russian revolution
- Changes of women's images in new Russian ideologies, 1997
- 'Ordinary' Russian woman: toward the understanding of soviet and post-soviet identity, 1998
Oravecz, Robert : On the Content of the Suicide Notes and the Leave-taking notes of Patriots, Excuted at the Time of W.W.II
-Interethnicity and Irrationality . 1999
-Trauma induced disturbances of the refugee children. Addict. Hun. VI. évf.
1998 2. szam.
The gypsies of Kosovo is about Kosova Roma and Hashkalija survey and virtual museum. http://www.chgs.umn.edu
See website of Harry
more Jewish research material. http://www.holocaust-history.org/
Jewish books in Dan Wyman's
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